Research and monitoring for and with raptors in Europe
May 2010 - May 2015

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Submission #117

Sun, 2013-02-24
Hungary
Conservation of the Red-footed Falcon
2005
2012
International
Carpathian Basin
Serbia
falcoproject.eu
MME BirdLife Hungary and Network partners
Civil (NGO)
60
Red-footed Falcon (Falco vespertinus)
Regular breeder
Yes
>80%
>80%
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
  • Special Protection Areas (SPAs)
  • Important Bird Areas (IBAs)
  • Ramsar sites
  • Areas protected by national law (national parks, protected landscape areas etc.)
Yes
all relevant breeding areas and migratory roosting sites
Yes
No
Yes
2005
2012
Yes
2005
2012
Yes
2005
2012
Yes
2005
2012
Yes
2005
2012
Yes
2006
2012
Yes
2006
2012
Yes
2006
2012
Yes
2006
2012
Yes
2008
2012
Yes
2007
2012
Yes
2006
2012
Yes
Habitat use
Habitat preference
Migration routes
Diet, hunting success
Parasite load and ecology
2006
2012
Yes
Agriculture (intensification, abandonment, expansion)
Electrocution on electric poles
Human impact outside Europe
Loss of nesting sites
Probably one of the most important limiting factors for the breeding population is the number of available aggregated nests in suitable habitats. As Red-footed falcons primarily use rookeries for colonial breeding throughout their breeding range, the threats that afftect rook colonies also apply to red-footed falcons. For example, in Hungary both the number of traditional, high-density red-footed falcon colonies and the mean number of pairs per colony has decreased significantly in the past few decades (Bagyura & Palatitz 2004). These changes can partially be attributed to the collapse of the rook population during the 1980-2006 period (from 320 000 to 23 000 pairs). This population crash is attributed to the use of targeted poisoning scheme for Corvids, widely implemented in the 80’s and early 90’s, in Hungary. Therefore, the number of rookeries suitable for red-footed falcon nesting drastically declined resulting in the contraction of breeding range in Hungary.
Common direct threats to rookeries in Hungary and other range-states are illegal logging, deliberate destruction, and disturbance of nests. Moreover, in some range states rooks are officialy a hunted species (Romania), or are considered as pests (Ukraine) and therefore all direct persecution activities (primarily shooting and disturbance) are allowed.
Even if rook populations in some range states are stable (BirdLife International 2009) certain populations of this species have moved to settlements. This shift in habitat selection of rooks may affect the red-footed falcon (Fehérvári et al. 2009) who may not favour it.
2006
2012
Yes
2006
2012
Yes
2006
2008
Yes
1996
2010
Yes
please visit: http://falcoproject.eu/en/content/publications
2006
2012
No
Total count
More than once a year
Yes
Yes
Total count
More than once a year
Yes
No
Yes
More than once a year
Yes
Yes
Yes
More than once a year
Yes
Yes
More than once a year
Yes
Yes
Not annually but regularly
No
Yes
Occasionally
No
Yes
Monitoring of habitat use and prey availability
http://falcoproject.eu/en/content/publications
Not annually but regularly
Yes
No
Yes
2007
2012
Yes
2010
2012
No
Yes
2010
2012
No
Yes
2006
2009
Yes
2006
2009
Yes
Standardised photos on tail feathers to estimate food availability on wintering grounds
2007
2012
Yes
2002
2012
Yes
2006
2012
Yes
2006
2008
Yes
2009
2009
Yes
2009
2009
No
No
No
No
Yes
2007
2012
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
please visit: http://falcoproject.eu/en/content/publications
Annually
Yes
Natura 2000 datas for the hungarian authorities
International SAP: http://falcoproject.eu/sites/default/files/22.pdf
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Falcoproject
falcoproject@yahoogroups.com
Yes
Red-footed Falcon Conservation Workgroup MME BirdLife Hungary
Yes
RAPTOR
raptor@zpok.hu
100
20
<20%
70,000
PALATITZ P., SOLT SZ., FEHÉRVÁRI P., EZER Á. & BÁNFI P. (2010b): Az MME Kékvércse-védelmi Munkacsoport beszámolója – a LIFE projekt (2006-2009) főbb eredményei. Heliaca 7 14–23. p.

for publications and reserch updates please visit: http://falcoproject.eu/en/content/publications