Research and monitoring for and with raptors in Europe
May 2010 - May 2015

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Submission #2

Thu, 2012-11-29
Norway
Monitoring of the terrestrial environment in Norway (TOV), subprogramme "Environmental Pollutants in birds of prey"
1990
2012
National
Norway
http://www.dirnat.no/content/500044689/TOV:-Miljogifter-i-rovfuglegg
The Directorate for Nature Management
Governmental
20
Yes
Norwegian institute for nature research
  • Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)
  • Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)
  • Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus)
  • Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
  • Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)
  • Merlin (Falco columbarius)
  • Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)
  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
  • Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
  • Rough-legged Buzzard (Buteo lagopus)
  • Snowy Owl (Nyctea scandiaca)
  • Tawny Owl (Strix aluco)
  • White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla)
Yes
<20%
20-50%
Yes
No
No
No
Areas protected by national law (national parks, protected landscape areas etc.)
Yes
Other breeding areas
No
No
Yes
1992
2012
No
Yes
1992
2012
Yes
1992
2012
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Monitoring of levels of persistent environmental pollutants in addled eggs, both legacy and new POPs
1992
2012
Yes
Pesticides & pollution (direct or indirect effects)
Eggshell thickness
1992
2012
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Sampling units
Not annually but regularly
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
1992
2012
Yes
1992
2012
No
No
No
Yes
1992
2012
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
More than once a year
Yes
A comprehensive report is given every fifth year to the Directorate for Nature management, documenting levels and trends of pollutants
Yes
Occasionally
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
ca. three months every fifth year for analysis reporting
ca 20
<20%
10,000
Nygård, T. & Polder, A. 2012. Miljøgifter i rovfuglegg i Norge. Tilstand og tidstrender (Pollutants in raptor eggs in Norway. Current state and time-trends.). - NINA Rapport. 834. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim. 53 s.

Gjershaug, J. O., Kalas, J. A., Nygard, T., Herzke, D. & Folkestad, A. O. 2008. Monitoring of raptors and their contamination levels in Norway. - Ambio 37 (6): 420-424.

Nygård, T., Herzke, D. & Polder, A. 2006. Nature in change. Trends in pollutant levels in Norway up to 2005. - NINA Rapport. 213. NINA, Trondheim. 1-42 (in Norwegian with English summary and captions) s.

Herzke, D., Berger, U., Kallenborn, R., Nygård, T. & Vetter, W. 2005. Brominated flame retardants and other organobromines in Norwegian predatory bird eggs. - Chemosphere 61 (3): 441-449.

Nygård, T., Herzke, D. & Kallenborn, R. 2003. Environmental pollutants in the White-tailed Sea Eagle in Norway. - I Helander, B., Marquiss, M. & Bowerman, W., red. Sea-Eagle 2000. Proceedings, Vol. Björkö, Sweden, 13-17 Sept. 2000. s 267.

Herzke, D., Kallenborn, R. & Nygård, T. 2002. Organochlorines in egg samples from Norwegian birds of prey: Congener-, isomer- and enantiomer specific considerations. - Science of the Total Environment 291: 59-71.

Nygård, T., Skaare, J. U., Kallenborn, R. & Herzke, D. 2001. Persistente organiske miljøgifter i rovfuglegg i Norge. - NINA oppdragsmelding 701: 1-33.

Nygård, T. & Gjershaug, J. O. 2001. The effects of low levels of pollutants on the reproduction of golden eagles in western Norway. - Ecotoxicology 10: 285-290.

Kallenborn, R., Herzke, D. & Nygård, T. 2000. A comprehensive survey of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Norwegian birds of prey eggs. - Organohalogen compounds 46: 334-337.

Nygård, T. 1995. Tungmetaller i fjær av dvergfalk i Norge. - NINA Oppdragsmelding 373:: 1-18.

Nygård, T. 1999. Long-term trends in pollutant levels and shell thickness in eggs of merlin in Norway, in relation to its migration pattern and numbers. - Ecotoxicology 8: 23-31.