Research and monitoring for and with raptors in Europe
May 2010 - May 2015

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The scope of the questionnaire FOR raptors

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The scope of this questionnaire – both monitoring in the strict sense, and shorter-term (non-repeated) studies
The questionnaire aims to collect metadata information on monitoring activities.

We follow the definition of monitoring of Elzinga et al. 2001 in which authors define monitoring as the collection and analysis of repeated observations or measurements to evaluate changes in condition and progress toward meeting a management objective.
They point out a clear link between conservation objectives, monitoring and adaptive management.
Good objectives are critical to successful monitoring. What is measured, how well it is measured, and how often it is measured are design features that are defined by how an objective is articulated. The objective describes the desired condition. Management is designed to meet the objective. Monitoring is designed to determine if the objective is met. Management is changed if monitoring reveals a failure to meet the objective. Objectives form the foundation of the entire monitoring project.
Based on this definition we can make a clear difference between ‘monitoring’ and ‘study’ meaning on ‘study’ when you do not compare your data coming from different time-series to reveal changes in time in the conditions of the environment.

Thus, we use the term ‘study’ for example in the case of non-repeated data collections.

However, we do not intend to restrict the questionnaire to strictly defined monitoring activities and welcome submission of questionnaires also which relate to shorter-term studies.